Big data analytics applications can enable government and public-sector organizations to offer effective services and respond more quickly and accurately to the citizens’ needs. 

Big Data

The concept of gathering and processing of huge amount of data is not new, what is new is the speed at which we can now process that data. Every day we create approximately 2.5 quintillion bytes of data. It is estimated that 90% of the data which is been generated till now is created in last 2 years alone, and with the help of that we can predict what amount of data the world would be dealing in upcoming years, and that lead us to work with the term that is called “Big data”.

Big data is a general term for the collection of the massive amount of digital data, generally in the petabyte, being collected from all sorts of sources. It is too large, raw, unstructured and too hard to be managed through conventional database techniques. Approximately 90% of the world’s data is unstructured. Still, the vast amount of big data offers new opportunities for value creation, discovery, and rich business intelligence for decision support in any organization.

Key Challenges that Governments Face

Governments of any country are the regular users of Big Data, as they keep track of the massive number of different records which may include information about the people of their country, their growth, and many more things. Their data generation and digital archiving rates are on the rise. Government generates petabytes of data every day. As digital information grows and becomes more complex, information management, processing, storage, security, and disposition become more complicated.

The growing use of big data builds mounting pressure on the government to develop new capabilities and adopt new technologies to transform all data into actionable information through data organization and analytics. This will enable the government to provide value-added services to the citizens.

Big Data Analytics for Informed Decision Making

Decision making in government usually takes time and is conducted through consultation and mutual consent of a large number of diverse actors, including officials, interest groups, and ordinary citizens. Big data analytics help in the valuable decision-making process by understanding the data patterns and the relationship between them. Big data has shifted business intelligence from reporting and decision support to prediction and next-move decision making.


National Security

The security situation in India is unpredictable. The security agencies and police can analyze the data gathered from disparate sources and respond to crime, attacks, and other such situations in the country.

Impact on Education

Impact of Big data on the Education sector can play a really vital role. Big data analytics will help to survey the needs of current generations and enable the government to provide them what they want. More data about students can help students in various different ways to find their interest, strength, and help to identify their weaknesses in ways that are not possible today.

Impact on Healthcare

By having an access to all the medical records of the past decade or more, can help the government to take an informed decision in this area. When this data is processed and analyzed correctly, it will result in the complete statistics on which part of the country are suffering from what kind of health-related issues and disease. With the help of that, the government can start new services and lead to opening the new hospitals to serve the patients. The government can also issue some more funding for the research and development of some lifesaving medicines, this way government can help in the healthcare area.

To Diminish Unemployment Tempo

The government can limit the unemployment rate by foreseeing the employment needs based on the proficiency rate. This can be accomplished by investigation the students graduating every year.

Formulating Economic and Social Policies

Government agencies hold a significant amount of data collected from surveys, administrative programs, and public banks. By harnessing the power of big data analytics, the government can design smarter, citizen-centric services and policies. This would offer a wide range of social benefits to citizens and improve their lives considerably.


Big data can be really helpful if the data or records are analyzed carefully and if we use statistics in a right way, it can really help the developing country like India. However, as they say “with great power comes great responsibility”, the availability of open data may lead to serious security concerns. It will necessitate the government to ensure the highest level of security to safeguard the sensitive information which is prone to misuse.